Part One: CV Writing

    Your CV is a marketing tool to sell yourself to the potential recruiter or a hiring manager. This is the very first impression you will be making before you meet face to face. It’s important to note the recruiter spends very few seconds scanning your CV before he makes a decision to list you, it is important to prepare it in a way that you will stand out from the rest.

    To enable you to prepare a wining CV, there are two key issues you need to be conversant with.

    1. Important factors to consider when preparing a CV

    It is important to align your qualifications and competence to that of the job that you are requesting. Ensure that you mention any relevant part time job that you have ever undertaken, internship, volunteer work or project as long as it matches the job requirement you are applying. Remember that even unpaid experience that you undertook as long as it is relevant will be needed to be highlighted.

    ii. Observe Professional Attitude

    Whatever information that you are providing, make sure you keep them in a very professional standard so that to display your professional ability in the first impression. The example of this would be in the contact email that you choose or social media account. Things like BlackNigger@gmail.com or Nellycute@yahoo.com will start displaying your unprofessional attitude to the potential recruiter.

    In case that you are requested to record a sound clip/Voice mail, ensure that there is no loud music to the background, TV voices, Kids crying, car noise etc.

    iii. Organized Format

    Ensure that your resume is very organized and don’t use very unusual font. Find a very appealing layout and your spacing should be consistent. If you choose to use colors in some fonts, make sure that they look professionally and not distractive


    Unless you are one of the lucky few who works in a high demand career, finding a new job can be a challenging and frustrating experience. You can make the job search a bit easier on yourself if you use proactive strategies for finding a new job and the tips included in this piece are applicable to all job seekers, from those just starting out to experienced folks who need a quick refresher.

    Who decides what a good fit is? Ultimately, it’s the employer, not you. If in the employer’s mind you are pursuing a job that’s either far beneath or far beyond your capabilities, you will be out of the running in a hurry no matter how great your resume is Knowing how to get a job is not always easy if you have limited experience in the job market, but there are some things everyone can do to increase their chances.

    1. Create your pposition

    Do not just sit around waiting for your "dream job" to open. Study the industry or field that you are looking to move into, and determine a company or two that you had like to work for, Hockett says. "Then figure out their challenges through relationships or public information. With this, you can craft a solution for them that you can share directly or publically through a blog, for instance. The concept here is to get noticed through offering a solution to help them with no expectation of anything in return."

    2. Get networking.

    Many people find jobs from people they know rather than traditional means such as job adverts. Talk to family, friends and other people you know to find out where work might be on offer. Networking, or just plain talking to people, is how the majority of people find jobs. But, wow, are there a lot of crazy ideas out there about networking!”

    3. Attract employers.

    Rather than hunting down jobs, consider getting potential employers to come to you. Post your CV online and you could save yourself a lot of time and effort job hunting.

    4. Target companies

    Rather than hunting down jobs, consider getting potential employers to come to you. Post your CV online and you could save yourself a lot of time and effort job hunting.

    5. Remain positive.

    We all get a few knock backs when looking for work. Don't take it personally if you are rejected or don't even get a response because it is probably not because of anything you have done wrong.

    6. Find hidden vacancies.

    Many jobs can be landed before they are advertised if you can get in quickly. Look into internal recruitment and seek out word-of-mouth advice as good ways of getting your foot in the door early.

    7. Direct Mail

    is sending letters or e-mails to complete strangers, people who have never heard of you and to whom you have no introduction. It is possible to find a job this way, but it requires very large numbers of letters or e-mails. Along with cold calling, it might be worth 5 to 10 % of your time.

    8. Job finds

    people/candidates and not candidates finds jobs; always employers are on board looking for the right candidates to fit in their positions in need meanwhile they need a very resourceful and ready candidate to get into the vacancy and meet their expectations on the stipulated opportunity, this is a bit quite different in our job market, candidates are not getting ready by themselves when jobs start finding them unfortunately they are not matching and finally resourcefulness. Now all candidates have to get ready for the qualities in position of your career once job vacancies are on you will definitely be on fire and finally get your dream job as simple as you are resourceful and ready.

    9. Your appearance and Image

    Are you dressing and grooming appropriately for your job interviews and networking meetings? Do you speak clearly and intelligently? Do you have bad breath, off putting body odor or a strange haircut?

    "If you do not pay attention to the details of your appearance with pressed clothes, proper attire, proper hygiene an employer can reasonably question how you will pay attention to the details and important elements of your work," says Pamela Holland, chief operating officer of Brody Professional Development. Knowing how to find a job is a skill in itself. Once you have been successful in landing a job, you will find that the process becomes easier if you ever find yourself looking for employment again.


    When you are prepping for an interview, your focus is probably on the tough questions you will face, the thorough responses you will give. After all, that’s what the bulk of the interview is about and what will (hopefully) get you a fast pass to an offer letter.

    Before you head into your next interview, check out these important tips to make sure you are presenting yourself in the right light and setting yourself up for the most successful interview possible.

    1. Show Up on Time

    You have heard it a million times: “If you are early, you are on time; if you are on time, you are late.” Being punctual should be a givenespecially when your dream job is on the line. But no matter how many times you have heard it, it’s worth mentioning again: Show up on time.

    Be at the exact place where an interview session will be taking place 30 minutes before the stipulated time for an interview, and this will give you enough time to relax, review your preparation, psychological rest, relaxed breath, organized with the right stuffs to do before getting into the session and the like.

    2.Dress the Part

    Your appearance probably won’t be the basis of the interviewer’s final decision but it can certainly play a part in how you are first perceived. When you show up in a neatly pressed suit and scuff less shoes with a portfolio in tow, you will come across as professional and well put together.

    If, on the other hand, you are dressed down a few notches more casual than everyone else in the office, juggling your briefcase, purse, umbrella, and a stack of resumes, you are probably not going to exude the same sense of professionalism.

    3. Bring Only the Essentials

    A jolt of caffeine may be necessary for you to get pumped up for your impending meeting, but do not bring your paper cup inside the office to finish off the last few sips. But you probably do not want your first interaction with your potential employer (or even the receptionist) to be anything along the lines of, “Hey, you got a trash can back there?”

    The same goes for other non-essentials, like the granola bar you are polishing off or the gum you forgot to spit out. They may not be the kiss of death but they are not going to put you in the most favorable light.

    4.Be Nice to the Receptionist

    The person at the front desk may not be the hiring manager but that does not mean his or her impression of you doesn’t matter. In fact, some companies specifically ask their front desk attendants to report back on the demeanor of interviewees who come through the door. And that likely plays a role in the ultimate hiring decision so it’s important to treat that person as well as you’ll treat your interviewer.

    5. Put Your Phone Away

    It’s a natural tendency to pull out your Smartphone any time you have to wait: in line at the grocery store, during commercials, while you wait for the vending machine to dispense your Diet Coke you get the picture.

    But if you are waiting in the lobby, don’t automatically default to your phone. Instead, take that time to look over your resume and think through what you want to convey during your interview. Then, when your interviewer makes his or her appearance, you won’t be caught off guard, shutting down Angry Birds and stuffing your phone back into your briefcase.

    6. Have Everything Neat, Organized, and Accessible

    You can be certain that, within the first few minutes of your meeting, your interviewer will ask for a copy of your updated resume. But if you have to dig through your bag past candy wrappers, phone chargers, and old receipts, you are going to look a little unorganized.

    To make the best first impression, everything you need should be neatly organized and readily accessible: You should be able to pull out your resume, references, and even a pen (one that’s not completely mangled) on command. The less you have to rifle through your bag, the better.

    7.Make the First Move

    When you are a guest at your potential employer’s office, you probably expect that they will make the first move when it comes to introductions. And while that may end up being true, do not be afraid to extend your handfirst for that introductory handshake. With just that small gesture, you are conveying that you are excited to be there, ready to jump into your interview, confident, and self-assured.

    8. Find a Connection

    After the initial introductions have been made, solidify your stellar first impression by making a connection with the interviewer. It doesn’t have to be something big just a commonality that will get your foot in the door and start your conversation out on a just might work kind of vibe.

    Maybe the degree hanging on his office wall sparks that connection (“Oh, you went to the University of Dodoma? I’m a Gator, too!”), or the award perched on her bookshelf (“I ran the Kili marathon last year, too. How had you done?”).

    These tips alone may not win you the job but they can certainly get you a little closer. When you start your interview out on the right foot, you’ll be able to face the tough questions with confidence. And that could be your key to your new job

    The most commonly asked interview questions you can expect to be asked in your interview and advice on how you can craft effective responses

    • i. What are your weaknesses?

      "What are your weaknesses" is one of the most popular questions interviewers ask. It is also the most dreaded question of all. Handle it by minimizing your weakness and emphasizing your strengths. Stay away from personal qualities and concentrate on professional traits: "I am always working on improving my communication skills to be a more effective presenter. I recently joined Toastmasters, which I find very helpful."

    • ii. Why should we hire you?

      Answer "Why should we hire you?" by summarizing your experiences: "With five years' experience working in the financial industry and my proven record of saving the company money, I could make a big difference in your company. I'm confident I would be a great addition to your team."

    • iv. Why do you want to work here?

      By asking you, "Why do you want to work here?" the interviewer is listening for an answer that indicates you have given this some thought and are not sending out resumes just because there is an opening. For example, "I have selected key companies whose mission statements are in line with my values, where I know I could be excited about what the company does, and this company is very high on my list of desirable choices."

    9. What are your goals?

    When you are asked, "What are your goals?" sometimes it's best to talk about short term and intermediate goals rather than locking yourself into the distant future. For example, "My immediate goal is to get a job in a growth oriented company. My long term goal will depend on where the company goes. I hope to eventually grow into a position of responsibility."

    10.Why did you leave (or why are you leaving) your job?

    If an interviewer asks, "Why did you leave (or why are you leaving) your job?" and you're unemployed, state your reason for leaving in a positive context: "I managed to survive two rounds of corporate downsizing, but the third round was a 20% reduction in the workforce, which included me."

    11.When were you most satisfied in your job?

    The interviewer who asks, "When you were most satisfied in your job?" wants to know what motivates you. If you can relate an example of a job or project when you were excited, the interviewer will get an idea of your preferences. "I was very satisfied in my last job, because I worked directly with the customers and their problems; that is an important part of the job for me."

    12. What can you do for us that other candidates can't?

    Emphasize what makes you unique when you're asked, "What can you do for us that other candidates cannot?” This will take an assessment of your experiences, skills and traits. Summarize concisely: "I have a unique combination of strong technical skills, and the ability to build strong customer relationships. This allows me to use my knowledge and break down information to be more users friendly."

    13. What are three positive things your last boss or your friend would say about you?

    It's time to pull out your old performance appraisals and boss's quotes to answer the question, "What are three positive things your last boss would say about you?” This is a great way to brag about you through someone else's words: "My boss has told me that I am the best designer he has ever had. He knows he can rely on me, and he likes my sense of humor."

    14. What salary are you seeking?

    When you are asked, "What salary are you seeking?" it is to your advantage if the employer tells you the range first. Prepare by knowing the going rate in your area, and your bottom line or walk away point. One possible answer would be: "I am sure when the time comes, we can agree on a reasonable amount. In what range do you typically pay someone with my background?"

    15. If you were an animal, which one would you want to be?

    When you are asked, "What salary are you seeking?" it is to your advantage if the employer tells you the range first. Prepare by knowing the going rate in your area, and your bottom line or walk away point. One possible answer would be: "I am sure when the time comes, we can agree on a reasonable amount. In what range do you typically pay someone with my background?"

  • Avoid These Common Interview Mistakes to Land That Job:-

    What you do during a job interview is viewed as a "sample" of your work. Everything you do is being judged because they don't know you (unless you are one of the lucky referred candidates). Show them you would be a great hire. Don't make these mistakes:

    Mistake #1: Appearing uninterested.

    This drives employers crazy. Most employers have more applicants than they need or want. If you are not demonstrably interested in them, they certainly are not interested in hiring you.

    Instead: Demonstrate your interest in the company and the job. Show up on time, appropriately dressed. Turn off your cell phone. Ask intelligent questions that indicate you have done some research, but don't ask a question that could be answered in 30 seconds with a Google search or a peek at their website's homepage

    Mistake #2: Being unprepared.

    Obvious lack of preparation is an opportunity crusher. And, lack of preparation usually becomes obvious quickly. Instead: Be prepared! Preparation will help you demonstrate your interest in them and the job. You will also perform better in the interview when you are prepared.

    Mistake #3: Being angry.

    Angry people are NOT people employers want to hire. Angry people are not fun to work with. They may frighten co-workers and/or customers or clients. They may also abuse both people and equipment (computers, cars, etc.). Not good contributors to a happy workplace or a prosperous business, even if they don't "go postal."

    Instead: If you are angry over a job loss, horrible commute to the interview, earlier fight with your kids or spouse, or anything else, dump the anger before the interview, at least temporarily.

    Stop, before you enter the employer's premises, take a few deep breaths, put a smile on your face, and do your best to switch gears mentally so you are not "in a bad place" in your mind.

    Mistake #4: Sharing TMI (too much information).

    Sometimes, people have a whole truth and nothing but the truth mindset in a job interview, so they "spill their guts" in answer to every question. Not smart or useful!

    I'm not recommending telling any lies, but I am recommending that you avoid boring the interviewer and blowing an opportunity by sharing too much information. If they want more details, they will ask.

    Instead: Answer their question, and then stop talking. Or, ask a question of your own

    Mistake #5: Negative body language.

    If you never smile, have a limp handshake, and don't make eye contact with the people you meet at the employer's location, and especially with the interviewer, you will come across as too shy or too strange or simply not interested.

    Instead: Show your interest and enthusiasm. If you are naturally very shy or an introvert, express your enthusiasm, Smile, say hello, look them in the eye, and shake hands as though you really are happy to meet that person, and soon you will be.

    Mistake #6: Not having good questions or asking the wrong questions at the wrong time.

    To an employer, no questions are equal to no interest. Number one, above, indicates how deadly that is to your success with the opportunity. Instead: Ask the questions that occurred to you as you were doing your pre-interview research, as you talked with the people during the interview, or as you observed people in the location.

    Mistake #7: Flirting or other inappropriate behavior.

    Unless you are interviewing for a job as a comedian or host/hostess in a social club, don't try to be entertaining or amusing. And, don't flirt with anyone, including the receptionist and the security guard.

    Mistake #8: Not collecting contact information or asking the next steps questions.

    Many job seekers leave the interview(s) with no idea of what will happen next in this employer's hiring process. They also often don't know who is the best person to contact as well as when and how to contact that person.

    Instead: At the beginning of the interview "play (business) cards" with the interviewer(s). Hand them your business card (or networking card, if you are employed), and ask for their card. This is the best way to gather the name, job title, location, and contact information of each person who interviews you. If you don't have this information, you won't be able to proceed with appropriate job interview follow-up

    Mistake #9: Failing to follow up.

    Often, job seekers leave at the end of the interview(s) with a sigh of relief that the interview is over, and they can get on with their lives. They leave, and wait to receive a job offer.

    Instead: Remember this is a demonstration of the quality of your work as an employee. To stand out in the crowd of job candidates, which usually number four or five, immediately send your thank you notes to each person who interviewed you. Also send a thank you to the external recruiter, if one was involved, or the employee or networking contact that referred you for the opportunity, if you were referred.

    Mistake 10#: The use of fuzzy facts in your CV

    This is the great failure and the common mistake for many interviewees tends to fill irrelevant information out of their capacities or above their capacities in their CV.

    Instead:Kindly fill the reflective information with your individual capacities and right certification and recommendation on your CV, this will add up reliability and finally tell us you are genuine and not trying to blind employers with fantasy for the sake of job.


    Key Skills Employers are looking for an employee to Demonstrate at the workplace; For many employers of new graduates, a good degree is an essential entry requirement. In order for graduates to remain competitive in today’s labor market, they need to have additional skills to complement their academic achievement.


    Through academic study

    Students need to become aware that the learning process they go through during higher education has value in other contexts. Writing a dissertation, for example, involves using the skills of research, analysis and time management, as well as overall planning and project management. Similarly, many students have to make presentations throughout their academic career a valuable skill in many work situations. There might also be other contexts (for example, discussion and seminar/tutorial groups related to a student’s course) which would provide opportunities for developing a range of employability skills, and these opportunities should be highlighted to students. You can help students to ensure that they are getting the maximum benefit from their studies by encouraging them to reflect on their performance and contribution and to work on areas of weakness.

    Through work experience

    Vacation work and industrial placements provide an ideal opportunity to develop useful skills. Language students on their year abroad should be encouraged to reflect upon employability skills developed or enhanced, e.g. showing initiative, demonstrating resilience, learning in depth about another culture. Students could be encouraged to try to identify which skills they’d like to develop and then choose an appropriate context in which to work. For example, a student who wants to develop commercial awareness could work in any business setting but could take the initiative to suggest improvements or consider why particular business decisions are made. Project management skills can be developed through high-level exposure on an industrial placement or something simpler such as reorganizing the stockroom database for a small retailer. Communication is fundamental to most jobs, but a student who has had to deal with distressed people, work with a difficult team or persuade someone to take on their idea will have more to offer than someone with basic interpersonal skills.

    During leisure time

    Joining university clubs and societies is an excellent way for students to take on positions of responsibility and to develop personally. Many students have acquired lots of marketable skills by doing voluntary work, but don’t always articulate this because of the incorrect assumption that voluntary work ‘doesn’t count’. Being involved in community groups and carrying out family responsibilities can also develop employability skills. Here are some examples of how leisure-time activities can boost employability:

    Leadership qualities will be developed through being president of a university society.

    Organizational skills can be developed through bringing up a family while being a full-time student

    Commercial awareness is improved through being treasurer of a local charity

    Cutting across employer’s needful skills for the candidates as the much for the job opportunities in the market, since the market deed employee who are ready, committed, creative, problem solver, emotional intelligence and the like; here below is the list of major skills employers are looking a candidate to demonstrate them at work place right now;